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What are the Symptoms of Infertility in Women?

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The dream of motherhood is one that many women nurture and look forward to with great anticipation. However, if a couple is unable to get pregnant over an extended period of time, it may be time to look a little closer to evaluate the situation.

Infertility is becoming increasingly common all over the world, and it may be a good idea to get yourself checked to see whether you have any issues that could be leading to your inability to get pregnant. Even before you go in for an infertility treatment or even a check-up with an IVF specialist, here are some symptoms that may be indicators of infertility among women.

Irregular periods

The average woman’s menstrual cycle is 28 days. Please remember that 28 is not a number that is cast in stone. A few days variation on either side, as long it is consistent, can be considered normal. For example, a woman whose cycles last 33 days one moth, 31 the next and 32 the next can be considered having ‘normal’ periods.

However, if the number of days varies drastically month to month, even to a level where she cannot estimate when her next period will start, is considered as having irregular periods. The reasons may vary – from hormonal issues to PCOS – but this is a symptom that bears further investigation as it could affect fertility.

Heavy periods

Vaginal bleeding during periods should ideally be a moderate flow. If there is a very heavy or very scanty flow, it could be a sign that there is no ovulation. Keep track of the flow on a monthly basis. If you notice consistently heavy bleeding, please do get yourself checked up.

Absence of periods

If you notice that your periods have stopped inexplicably for an extended period (over a month past your normal date), it could signal that you are not ovulating. While factors like stress or heavy workouts could affect the occasional period, an extended time without periods is a sign that you need to meet your doctor.

Symptoms of hormone fluctuations

Any signs of fluctuations in hormones should be treated as potential indicators of fertility problems. Symptoms of hormonal fluctuations could include:

  • Appearance of acne and other skin issues
  • Reduced sex drive
  • Increased facial hair growth
  • Falling or thinning hair
  • Weight gain

Pain during sex

Painful sex is not normal. Many women who feel pain during sex resign themselves to it.  However, this could be a symptom of an underlying problem such as hormonal issues or endometriosis among others.  These are factors that can affect fertility and should be investigated by a doctor.

Infertility is an issue that affects many couples, and in many cases is something that can be overcome with the right treatment and procedures. However, detecting it as early as possible increases the chances of a successful pregnancy after an IVF procedure. Therefore, keeping track of your body’s rhythms and changes, and watching out for the symptoms that could flag infertility can help in making your dream of motherhood a reality.

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